Newborn Baby with Spina Bifida Undergoes Multiple Surgeries
What is Spina Bifida? Spina bifida is the most frequently occurring permanently disabling birth defect. For everyone born with spina Spina bifida Behandlung at least one spinal Spina bifida Behandlung is only partly formed and the spinal cord at that point and below as well as the skin around the site are not properly developed. What causes Spina Bifida? Spina Spina bifida Behandlung is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
What are the effects of Spina Bifida? The effects vary considerably from person to person. Spina bifida is commonly found in Spina bifida Behandlung lumbar and sacral spine.
Because the lumbosacral Spina bifida Behandlung nerves control muscles and feelings in the lower limbs, people with spina Spina bifida Behandlung have Spina bifida Behandlung degree of paralysis. Most people need to use a wheelchair. Bladder and bowel functioning are also severely affected. Tethering is caused by tissue attachments that limit the movement of the spinal cord within the spinal column. Other common problems include curvature of the spine, decubitis, epilepsy, short stature, latex allergy, urinary tract infections, as well as many other problems caused by hydrocephalus.
Frequent hospitalisations are needed to treat these problems. How common is Spina Bifida? More than 10 million people worldwide have spina bifida. In Australia approximately 1 in 1, Spina bifida Behandlung are affected by spina bifida. With the use of folic acid this incidence is believed to be declining. There are over 1, adults and children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus in Queensland.
Is there a cure for Spina Bifida? There is no cure for this condition because Spina bifida Behandlung nerve tissue cannot be replaced or repaired. Is there a treatment for Spina Bifida? Multiple surgeries, other medical treatment, medication, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, neuropsychology, medical aids, assistive equipment and assistance at school and beyond are all required in the treatment of spina bifida.
Spina bifida is not a condition that people outgrow. People have to learn Spina bifida Behandlung manage its effects as best they can and live with them. Can Spina Bifida be prevented? No, but the risk can be minimised if Spina bifida Behandlung expectant mother takes a daily supplement of 0.
Folic acid is a B vitamin which is present mainly in leafy green vegetables. The National Health and Medical Research Council recommend that all women of child bearing age consume a 0. People with a close family history of spina bifida have a higher risk and should consult their doctor about a higher dose of folic acid.
What does Spina bifida Behandlung future hold? There are many unknowns to do with spina bifida. Medical research dealing with the ongoing problems associated with spina bifida is relatively new.
Prior to the s few children with spina bifida survived. Now the first group of people with spina bifida and hydrocephalus have reached adulthood and we are starting to see what effect spina bifida has on their lives. What is Hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is the result of a blockage in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid CSF through the pathways of the ventricles of the brain, causing pressure on the brain. A clear, saltwater-like liquid called CSF surrounds the brain. This fluid protects and hydrates the brain, carries away waste from brain cells and contains important chemicals and nutrients. Spina bifida Behandlung day the brain produces about mL of cerebrospinal fluid.
The CSF flows in Spina bifida Behandlung continuous circuit through the brain cavities ventriclesand over the surface of the brain and spinal cord until it is absorbed by the body. When CSF is constantly being produced, but cannot get out, it accumulates and causes raised pressure inside the brain. When there is a blockage, the ventricles swell or enlarge and the brain tissue is stretched and squashed.
Somewhere along the CSF pathways, the flow of cerebrospinal fluid has been obstructed. How is Hydrocephalus Treated? A shunt is a device which drains excess cerebrospinal fluid from the brain to other parts of the body.
A one-way valve is used, which usually sits outside the skull, but beneath the skin, somewhere behind the ear. How common is hydrocephalus? The rate of hydrocephalus with or without spina bifida is 1 in It is the most common reason for brain surgery in children. In congenital hydrocephalus it is often impossible to determine the cause. Bleeding in the brain is the most common cause of hydrocephalus. Infections such as measles or meningitis can also cause hydrocephalus. It is the progression of pressure that causes most damage to the brain.
Dementia type symptoms may develop and often bladder control and unsteady gait develops. SBH Queensland Inc. About Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus.
Things to remember about spina bifida: It is Spina bifida Behandlung complex. It can affect all organ systems of the body and require a full range of specialist treatments. It is unstable. Even though it is not a degenerative condition, any of the associated conditions can arise at any time and the treatment options may fail at any time.
The many associated conditions usually require frequent medical, surgical and allied health intervention. It is common for children and adults to be hospitalised Spina bifida Behandlung times each year. It is a snowflake condition. No two people are affected in exactly the same way and the amount of damage to the Spina bifida Behandlung nervous system brain and spine varies from person to person.